Dreams are reflected in reality, San Diego’s success is inseparable from the help of the nobles. The scout Gran who matched his skills, the grandmother who left his savings to buy plane tickets, Gavin who helped him intercede with the Newcastle boss, and of course San Diego. Diago would also like to thank himself for working hard for his dream. Perhaps, he also needs to thank the border between Mexico and the United States, because it "shortens" the distance between his dreams.
From the impoverished Mexican countryside to the prosperous Los Angeles, smuggling is a helpless but direct way. The process is not as cool as the big guys in "Fast and Furious" driving luxury sports cars and galloping through caves. "Become famous" I have more or less reproduced the steps of smuggling: Sandiago was awakened in the middle of the night, squeezed into a suffocating van that did not dare to turn on the headlights, and hurried through it under the horns and shouts of the Border Patrol. Cross the border network.
If there is a choice, who wants to leave their hometown? Money is the most primitive driving force for stowaways. More than a century ago, former Mexican President Diaz sighed: "Heaven is too far, and the United States is too close." He even described his country as "poor Mexico."
Time has passed. In the past 20 years, Mexico’s economy has shown a clear trend of recovery. In the last two years, the per capita GDP has exceeded the 10,000 U.S. dollar mark, but the gap compared with the U.S. per capita GDP of 65,000 U.S. dollars in 2019 has once again stimulated smugglers. Escape from the strenuous determination.
The White House said this year: "Illegal immigration has decreased by 84% compared to the same period last year." But this optimism does not conceal the fact that there are currently about 20 million illegal immigrants in the United States. It is worth mentioning that half of them are from neighboring Mexico. "Next door" to discuss life is the truest idea of many Mexicans in dire straits.
External guidance is one, and internal depression is the second.
Mexico has a reputation as the "hometown of corn," but its formerly proud agricultural economy has gradually lost its comparative advantage.
Since Mexico joined the North American Free Trade Area in the mid-1990s, Mexico and the United States have indeed formed economic complementarities. The United States, which occupies an absolute dominant position, has naturally formed constraints on neighbors.
For example, tax cuts and tariffs have not been synchronized. In this way, American agricultural products that enjoy high subsidies flood the Mexican market. Even if the government implements subsidy policies, the subsidies basically flow to some large farmers.
It sounds good to say that "urbanization" is obvious. The worst is that small farmers go bankrupt and poverty is prominent. Going to the United States to pan for gold has become the consensus of the people at the bottom, or they are forced to "transform" into a gang of drug trafficking.
The border between Mexico and the United States is 3169 kilometers long. The eastern section is bounded by the Rio Grande, the middle section passes through the Sonora Desert, and the western section passes through the San Diego and Tijuana metropolitan areas and the Pacific coast.
墨西哥和美国之间的边界长3169公里。东部由里奥格兰德（Rio Grande）界定，中部穿过索诺拉沙漠（Sonora Desert），西部部分穿过圣地亚哥和蒂华纳大都会地区以及太平洋沿岸。
This borderline with different scenery is the busiest border in the world. According to statistics, about 2.5 million people travel between the two countries through legal means each year. In addition, the US-Mexico border patrols arrest an average of 3,500 illegal immigrants every day.
In the film, Santiago just lost his beloved football when crossing the border. In the real world, more stowaways pay the price of their lives. In the hearts of stowaways, this is a ladder to heaven and a rope thrown by destiny. I am going.
Due to the need of the plot, "A Ball to Fame" simplified and beautified the details of the smuggling. The crowded containers and harsh siren in the film still created a full sense of tension.
1. Truck consignment
This is the most conventional method, but the possibility of "group annihilation" is also the greatest, and it is far more suffocating than the shots in "One Ball Becomes Famous".
In 2018, a truck was seized in Texas. It was packed with a full 198 people. No refrigeration facilities were installed in the compartment. In addition, there was a shortage of food and water, so it could only take turns to breathe into a small hole in the compartment. It is not uncommon for people to have died when they were discovered, and someone was dehydrated.
Between Tucson and Yuma in southwestern Arizona, there is a vast no-man’s land. Rocks, cacti and rattlesnakes are special landscapes. Because it is quite close to the western border of the United States and Mexico, this area has become a manufacturing "dream". "The natural window.
However, the cruel conditions where the ground temperature exceeds 50℃ caused half of the pedestrians to die from severe dehydration on foot. Therefore, this road was described as the "Devil's Road". This is a relatively ancient history. Although the current stowaways are risking their lives Still there, but I don't want to "sacrifice in vain."
3. Riptide forward
There is a canal in the Mexico Valley, more than 100 kilometers away from San Diego, California. The widest point is only 23 meters. Stowaways can only take a simple life raft down the current. However, due to the rapid currents, the boat frequently capsizes and the stowaways drown. The probability of death is extremely high.
Of course, stowaways from the Colorado River and Rio Grande River "hit their luck" did not reduce the mortality rate.
4. Secretly crossing the warehouse
There are many tunnels between the U.S.-Mexico border, which were originally used to store and transport drugs, but gradually provide shortcuts for smugglers. Compared with the "outside world", the safety factor of illegal immigration is higher, because some tunnels are attached to some civilian facilities and have a certain degree of concealment. Of course, the price and cost of illegal immigration are correspondingly doubled, and the illegal immigrants have to be forced. Help drug dealers deliver drugs.
5. Steal and change posts
The U.S.-Mexico border is equivalent to a semi-military zone. In addition to patrols equipped with guns, there is also drone monitoring and the assistance of infrared thermal imaging cameras. If the smugglers "hardly come", they will easily collapse and become a pretender. For example, in 2015, an SUV that was converted into a border patrol car was stopped by a patrol officer. There were more than 10 illegal immigrants in it, but it was not able to achieve the same expression.
6. Fake the real
For the American dream, smugglers racked their brains, even wearing white plastic bags, dressed as industrial pollutants and mixed in the river, drifting all the way while the moon was dark and the wind was high.
7. Fancy smuggling
Some Mexicans choose to fight alone, but the effect is also not satisfactory. Some people hide in the washing machine, some hide under the car, and some disguise themselves as car seats. However, due to poor acting skills, Instead, this "folk wisdom" has become a joke.
According to statistics, the success rate of smuggling by Mexicans is only 18.5%. Such a low success rate has not eliminated the flow of Mexican immigration, but directly stimulated the increase in smuggling costs. In 1994, the price per smuggler was around US$600. The current price has more than 10 times.
More and more "snake heads" want to get a share of the financial road of smuggling, and they are getting stronger.
Different from the satisfaction of only receiving "consignment freight" in the past, "snakeheads" have carried out "business upgrades". They will make up lies and show their smuggling qualifications and experience, and they will intimidate the low-level people who have the tendency to smuggle into the "shang thief" "Ship", even forcing it to sign a draft agreement, the price of repentance is a loss of wealth.
If it goes well, the stowaways arrive safely at the U.S. border. Of course, "snakeheads" are indispensable on the way to search for money, get upset, and add fists. "Unscathed" is tantamount to idiotic dreams;
If it doesn’t go well, before smelling the American air, some people will be abandoned midway and fend for themselves in the Sonora Desert. The unnamed corpses and crosses discovered by the patrol all tell a history of blood and tears of dreams and madness in the original vivid life.
As we all know, smuggling is a life-long journey of no return. As early as 2006, Bush Jr. signed the decree to build the border wall. Obama and Trump have also not relaxed the construction. Now Trump has ordered the construction of the wall to be as high as 9 meters. , And drafted a construction plan of up to 18 billion U.S. dollars, but the smugglers never stopped looking forward to the American dream.
It's better to die tragically than to live. Even the Mexican congressmen did not forget to mock after climbing up with bare hands:
In this way, smuggling is a top-down consensus among Mexicans. As early as 2005, Mexico built a unique "theme park for smuggling into the United States". The terrain and environment are very similar. Deserts, hills, bushes, and rivers are all available, and native Indians are used as "guides."
In short, it is a live-action experience of traveling through the United States, and the Mexican government has specially issued a guide with illustrations and texts to guide illegal immigrants on how to smuggle safely. Although the United States was greatly annoyed, the Mexican government’s explanation was full of ridicule: “Our starting point is only to inform the people how difficult it is to smuggle.”
The sparsely populated United States is the country with the largest area of arable land in the world. The Mexicans smuggled into the country are just right. In addition, the United States is also a country with a highly developed domestic service industry. San Diego His father helped the rich clean the swimming pool and trim the flowers.